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dc.contributor.authorde Jong, Joop T.V.M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorReis, Riaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-12-29T23:48:13Z
dc.date.available2011-12-29T23:48:13Z
dc.date.issued2010-4-27
dc.identifier.citationde Jong, Joop T., Ria Reis. "Kiyang-yang, a West-African Postwar Idiom of Distress" Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry 34(2): 301-321. (2010)
dc.identifier.issn1573-076X
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2144/2664
dc.description.abstractIn 1984, a healing cult for young barren women in southern Guinea Bissau developed into a movement, Kiyang-yang, that shook society to its foundations and had national repercussions. "Idiom of distress" is used here as a heuristic tool to understand how Kiyang-yang was able to link war and post-war-related traumatic stress and suffering on both individual and group levels. An individual experience born from a traumatic origin may be generalized into an idiom that diverse sectors of society could embrace for a range of related reasons. We argue that, for an idiom to be understood and appropriated by others, there has to be resonance at the level of symbolic language and shared experiences as well as at the level of the culturally mediated contingent emotions it communicates. We also argue that through its symbolic references to structural causes of suffering, an idiom of distress entails a danger for those in power. It can continue to exist only if its etiology is not exposed or the social suffering it articulates is not eliminated. We finally argue that idioms of distress are not to be understood as discrete diagnostic categories or as monodimensional expressions of "trauma" that can be addressed.en_US
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSpringer USen_US
dc.rights© de Jong and Reis, 2010en_US
dc.subjectIdioms of distressen_US
dc.subjectHealing culten_US
dc.subjectDissociationen_US
dc.subjectTraumatic stressen_US
dc.subjectSocial sufferingen_US
dc.subjectCentral possession religionen_US
dc.subjectClairvoyanceen_US
dc.subjectGuinea-Bissauen_US
dc.subjectKiyang-yangen_US
dc.subjectBarrennessen_US
dc.subjectWitchcraften_US
dc.subjectPolitical violenceen_US
dc.subjectArmed conflicten_US
dc.titleKiyang-Yang, a West-African Postwar Idiom of Distressen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11013-010-9178-7
dc.identifier.pmid20422270
dc.identifier.pmcid2878590


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