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dc.contributor.authorVan Duijl, Marjoleinen_US
dc.contributor.authorNijenhuis, Ellerten_US
dc.contributor.authorKomproe, Ivan H.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGernaat, Hajo B. P. E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorde Jong, Joop T.V.M.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-12-29T23:48:13Z
dc.date.available2011-12-29T23:48:13Z
dc.date.issued2010-4-17
dc.identifier.citationvan Duijl, Marjolein, Ellert Nijenhuis, Ivan H. Komproe, Hajo B. P. E. Gernaat, Joop T. de Jong. "Dissociative Symptoms and Reported Trauma Among Patients with Spirit Possession and Matched Healthy Controls in Uganda" Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry 34(2): 380-400. (2010)
dc.identifier.issn1573-076X
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2144/2665
dc.description.abstractSpirit possession is a common, worldwide phenomenon with dissociative features. Studies in Europe and the United States have revealed associations among psychoform and somatoform dissociation and (reported) potential traumatic events. The aim of this study was to explore the relationships among spirit possession, dissociative symptoms and reported potentially traumatizing events in Uganda. One hundred nineteen persons with spirit possession, diagnosed by traditional healers, were compared to a matched control group of 71 nonpossessed persons. Assessments included demographic items and measures of dissociation and potentially traumatizing events. Compared to the nonpossessed group, the possessed group reported more severe psychoform dissociation and somatoform dissociation and more potentially traumatizing events. The associations between these events and both types of dissociation were significant. Yet, consistent with the cultural perception of dissociative symptoms, the participants subjectively did not associate dissociative symptoms with potentially traumatizing events. In conclusion, spirit possession deserves more interest as a possible idiom of distress and a culture-specific expression of dissociation related to potential traumatizing events.en_US
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSpringer USen_US
dc.rights© van Duijl et al, 2010en_US
dc.subjectSpirit possessionen_US
dc.subjectTraumatic experiencesen_US
dc.subjectIdioms of distressen_US
dc.subjectDissociative trance disorderen_US
dc.subjectUgandaen_US
dc.titleDissociative symptoms and reported trauma among patients with spirit possession and matched healthy controls in Ugandaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11013-010-9171-1
dc.identifier.pmid20401630
dc.identifier.pmcid2878595


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