Group-wise 3D registration based templates to study the evolution of ant worker neuroanatomy
Gordon, Darcy G.
Traniello, James F.A.
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Citation (published version)I Arganda-Carreras, DG Gordon, S Arganda, M Beaudoin, JFA Traniello. 2017. "GROUP-WISE 3D REGISTRATION BASED TEMPLATES TO STUDY THE EVOLUTION OF ANT WORKER NEUROANATOMY." 2017 IEEE 14TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON BIOMEDICAL IMAGING (ISBI 2017), pp. 429 - 432 (4).
The evolutionary success of ants and other social insects is considered to be intrinsically linked to division of labor and emergent collective intelligence. The role of the brains of individual ants in generating these processes, however, is poorly understood. One genus of ant of special interest is Pheidole, which includes more than a thousand species, most of which are dimorphic, i.e. their colonies contain two subcastes of workers: minors and majors. Using confocal imaging and manual annotations, it has been demonstrated that minor and major workers of different ages of three species of Pheidole have distinct patterns of brain size and subregion scaling. However, these studies require laborious effort to quantify brain region volumes and are subject to potential bias. To address these issues, we propose a group-wise 3D registration approach to build for the first time bias-free brain atlases of intra- and inter-subcaste individuals and automatize the segmentation of new individuals.