Competitive comparison in music: influences upon self-efficacy beliefs by gender
Hendricks, Karin S.
Smith, Tawnya D.
Legutki, Allen R.
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CitationKarin S Hendricks, Tawnya D Smith, Allen R Legutki. 2016. "Competitive comparison in music: influences upon self-efficacy beliefs by gender." GENDER AND EDUCATION, Volume 28, Issue 7, pp. 918 - 934 (17).
This study profiles gender differences in instrumental performance self-efficacy perceptions of high school students (N = 87) over the course of a three-day orchestra festival in which students competed against one another for rank-based seating and then rehearsed and performed as a group. Reported self-beliefs rose significantly for the sample over the course of the festival. Self-efficacy beliefs of females were significantly lower than those of males before the seating audition and first rehearsal, but were no longer different by the midpoint of the festival. Survey free-response data were coded according to Bandura's (1997 Bandura, A. 1997. Self-efficacy: The Exercise of Control. New York: W. H. Freeman.) four sources of self-efficacy. A 52% drop in the frequency of student comments regarding competitive comparison appeared at the same point in which female self-efficacy beliefs were no longer different from those of males. Results support past research to suggest that males and females may respond differently to rank-based competition versus social support.