Surface electromyographic control of a novel phonemic interface for speech synthesis
Cler, Meredith J.
Guenther, Frank H.
Fager, Susan K.
Stepp, Cara E.
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CitationMeredith J Cler, Alfonso Nieto-Castañón, Frank H Guenther, Susan K Fager, Cara E Stepp. 2016. "Surface electromyographic control of a novel phonemic interface for speech synthesis.." Augment Altern Commun, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp. 120 - 130.
Many individuals with minimal movement capabilities use AAC to communicate. These individuals require both an interface with which to construct a message (e.g., a grid of letters) and an input modality with which to select targets. This study evaluated the interaction of two such systems: (a) an input modality using surface electromyography (sEMG) of spared facial musculature, and (b) an onscreen interface from which users select phonemic targets. These systems were evaluated in two experiments: (a) participants without motor impairments used the systems during a series of eight training sessions, and (b) one individual who uses AAC used the systems for two sessions. Both the phonemic interface and the electromyographic cursor show promise for future AAC applications.