Stem cells in bone regeneration in dentistry
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In the recent years, stem cell research has leaped to the field of dentistry in the hopes of finding a method to ethically and efficiently develop better ways for bone regeneration. Stem cell research is the most valuable study in the dental field, and various types of adult stem cells have been found in the oral cavity, including stem cells from apical papilla, stem cells from human deciduous teeth, dental follicle stem cells, and dental pulp stem cells. These dental stem cells have the potential and ability to form specialized neuronal cells, which can be used for therapies. In addition to the benefit in the oral cavity, stem cells can serve as the front for therapeutic applications in the spinal cord, the brain, and other nerve regeneration treatments. This thesis will summarize existing studies involving stem cells and bone regeneration treatments and upcoming initial clinical trials using oral cavity stem cells for craniofacial bone regeneration.