Use of graphene as protection film in biological environments
McNear, Kelly L.
Chung, Ting Fung
Crist, Scott A.
Ratliff, Timothy L.
Chen, Yong P.
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Citation (published version)Weixia Zhang, Sudarat Lee, Kelly L McNear, Ting Fung Chung, Seunghyun Lee, Kyunghoon Lee, Scott A Crist, Timothy L Ratliff, Zhaohui Zhong, Yong P Chen, Chen Yang. 2014. "Use of graphene as protection film in biological environments.." Sci Rep, Volume 4:4097.
Corrosion of metal in biomedical devices could cause serious health problems to patients. Currently ceramics coating materials used in metal implants can reduce corrosion to some extent with limitations. Here we proposed graphene as a biocompatible protective film for metal potentially for biomedical application. We confirmed graphene effectively inhibits Cu surface from corrosion in different biological aqueous environments. Results from cell viability tests suggested that graphene greatly eliminates the toxicity of Cu by inhibiting corrosion and reducing the concentration of Cu(2+) ions produced. We demonstrated that additional thiol derivatives assembled on graphene coated Cu surface can prominently enhance durability of sole graphene protection limited by the defects in graphene film. We also demonstrated that graphene coating reduced the immune response to metal in a clinical setting for the first time through the lymphocyte transformation test. Finally, an animal experiment showed the effective protection of graphene to Cu under in vivo condition. Our results open up the potential for using graphene coating to protect metal surface in biomedical application.