Absorption phenomena in quantum walks
Kuklinski, Parker Samuel
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The quantum walk is a unitary analogue to the discrete random walk, and its properties have been increasingly studied since the turn of the millennium. In comparison with the classical random walk, the quantum walk exhibits linear spreading and initial condition dependent asymmetries. As noted early on in the conjecture and subsequent calculation of absorption probabilities in the one dimensional Hadamard walk, the interaction of the quantum walk with an absorbing boundary is fundamentally divergent from classical case. Here, we will survey absorption probabilities for a more general collection of one dimensional quantum walks and extend the method to consider d-dimensional walks in the presence of d-1 dimensional absorbing walls. However, these results are concerned only with local behavior at the boundary in the form of absorption probabilities. The main results of this thesis are concerned with the global behavior of finite quantum walks, which can be described by linear spreading in the short term, modal phenomena in the mid term, and stable distributions in the exceedingly long term. These theorems will be rigorously proved in the one-dimensional case and extrapolated to higher dimensional quantum walks. To this end we introduce QWSim, a new and robust computational engine for displaying finite two dimensional quantum walks.