Cities in American federalism: evidence on state-local government conflict from a survey of mayors
Einstein, Katherine L.
Glick, David M.
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Citation (published version)Katherine Levine Einstein, David M. Glick; Cities in American Federalism: Evidence on State–Local Government Conflict from a Survey of Mayors, Publius: The Journal of Federalism, Volume 47, Issue 4, 1 October 2017, Pages 599–621, https://doi.org/10.1093/publius/pjx026
Previous scholarship on American federalism has largely focused on the national government's increasingly conflictual relationship with the states. While some studies have explored the rise of mandates at the state level, there has been comparatively less attention on state–local relationships. Using a new survey of mayors, we explore variations in local government attitudes towards their state governments. We find some evidence that, regardless of partisanship, mayors in more conservative states are unhappy about state funding and—especially—regulations. More strikingly, we also uncover a partisan mismatch in which Democratic mayors provide especially negative ratings of their state’s funding and—even more strongly—regulations. These findings have important implications for state–local relations as cities continue to become more Democratic and Republicans increasingly dominate state-level contests.