The proper treatment of egophoricity in Kathmandu Newari
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CitationCoppock, Elizabeth and Stephen Wechsler (to appear). The proper treatment of egophoricity in Kathmandu Newari. In Kasia M. Jaszczolt and Minyao Huang (eds.) Expressing the Self: Cultural Diversity and Cognitive Universals, Oxford University Press.
We develop a theory of so-called 'conjunct-disjunct marking', also known as 'egophoricity', in Kathmandu Newari. The signature pattern of egophoricity looks a bit like person agreement: In declaratives, there is a special marker that goes on first person verbs, but not second or third person (e.g. 'I drank-EGO too much'). But in interrogatives, the same marker goes on second person (e.g. 'Did you-EGO drink too much?'). This is called interrogative flip. Egophoric marking also interacts interestingly with the presence of evidential markers, and comes with an implication of knowing self-reference (emphasized in Newari by a restriction to volitional action). Our paper discusses two previous approaches, which we label indexical and evidential, and motivate our account, which we label egophoric. Along the way, we develop a theory of how de se attitudes are communicated.