The concept of God in the philosophy of Karl Jaspers
Struckmeyer, Frederick Raymond
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The purpose of this thesis is to determine the function of the concept of God in Karl Jaspers' metaphysical philosophy. This concept is central to his system, but can only be understood in terms of Jaspers' own conception of philosophy, both as a historically rooted discipline and as an individual quest. The difficulties encountered in an attempted interpretation of Jaspers are largely due to his own preference for a "gliding" terminology and an "open-ended" system. His own insistence is that aim in philosophy takes precedence over method. Philosophy is essentially metaphysics, yet it cannot become an ontological "science of Being." Philosophy is given its initial impetus in the "ultimate situations" of life, but satisfying answers are precluded by partial nature of our knowledge. Epistemological dualism, as an ultimate position, is to be overcome in terms of the concept of Encompassing. This is the reality illuminated at the horizons of our knowledge. It has two major aspects: The being which we are and Being Itself. The former has its own modes, which correspond to the levels of existence in human life. Empirical existence, or Dasein, is factual historically; consciousness as such, or intellection, is the faculty of rationality; spirit, or mind, corresponds to the integrated, total personality [TRUNCATED]
Thesis (M.A.)--Boston University
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