Field Effect Transistor Nanosensor for Breast Cancer Diagnostics
Hong, Mi K.
Rosenberg, Carol L.
Weaver, David T.
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CitationPritiraj Mohanty, Yu Chen, Xihua Wang, Mi K Hong, Carol L Rosenberg, David T Weaver, Shyamsunder Erramilli. "Field Effect Transistor Nanosensor for Breast Cancer Diagnostics." Invited Review in Biosensors and Molecular Technologies for Cancer Diagnostics, edited by K. H. Herold and A. Rasooly (CRC Press, 2012).
Silicon nanochannel field effect transistor (FET) biosensors are one of the most promising technologies in the development of highly sensitive and label-free analyte detection for cancer diagnostics. With their exceptional electrical properties and small dimensions, silicon nanochannels are ideally suited for extraordinarily high sensitivity. In fact, the high surface-to-volume ratios of these systems make single molecule detection possible. Further, FET biosensors offer the benefits of high speed, low cost, and high yield manufacturing, without sacrificing the sensitivity typical for traditional optical methods in diagnostics. Top down manufacturing methods leverage advantages in Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) technologies, making richly multiplexed sensor arrays a reality. Here, we discuss the fabrication and use of silicon nanochannel FET devices as biosensors for breast cancer diagnosis and monitoring.