Detection of the melanoma biomarker TROY using silicon nanowire field-effect transistors
Spanjaard, Remco A.
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Citation (published version)Carsten Maedler, Daniel Kim, Remco A Spanjaard, Mi Hong, Shyamsunder Erramilli, Pritiraj Mohanty. "Detection of the melanoma biomarker TROY using silicon nanowire field-effect transistors."
Antibody-functionalized silicon nanowire field-effect transistors have been shown to exhibit excellent analyte detection sensitivity enabling sensing of analyte concentrations at levels not readily accessible by other methods. One example where accurate measurement of small concentrations is necessary is detection of serum biomarkers, such as the recently discovered tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member TROY (TNFRSF19), which may serve as a biomarker for melanoma. TROY is normally only present in brain but it is aberrantly expressed in primary and metastatic melanoma cells and shed into the surrounding environment. In this study, we show the detection of different concentrations of TROY in buffer solution using top-down fabricated silicon nanowires. We demonstrate the selectivity of our sensors by comparing the signal with that obtained from bovine serum albumin in buffer solution. Both the signal size and the reaction kinetics serve to distinguish the two signals. Using a fast-mixing two-compartment reaction model, we are able to extract the association and dissociation rate constants for the reaction of TROY with the antibody immobilized on the sensor surface.