HIV vulnerability of men and women who inject drugs in Kumasi, Ghana
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Reducing vulnerability to HIV infection among key populations in Ghana is a major goal for the National AIDS Control Program (NACP) and the GAC. While a number of studies have explored HIV risk behaviours among several key vulnerable populations in Ghana including female sex workers, men who have sex with men, and prisoners, little is known about the drug use and sexual vulnerability of people who inject drugs (PWID). In addition, no programs have been implemented to reduce the vulnerability among this population. This report provides the findings from a qualitative study that aimed to understand the social, economic and behavioral vulnerability to HIV of PWID in Kumasi and to inform the development and implementation of HIV prevention programs for this population. The research was conducted by a collaborative team comprised of researchers from Boston University’s Center for Global and Health and Development (CGHD) and the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) School of Medical Sciences. It is one of nine studies under the Operations Research on Key Populations project funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The study was designed and carried out in collaboration with the Ghana AIDS Commission (GAC).
This study was implemented by Boston University in collaboration with the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology with support from the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) through the U.S. Agency for International Development under Project SEARCH Task Order No. GHH‐I‐00‐07‐00023‐00, beginning August 27, 2010. The content and views expressed here are the authors’ and do not necessarily reflect the opinion or policy of USAID or the U.S. Government.