Field collection and preservation of urine in orangutans and chimpanzees
Knott, Cheryl D.
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Citation (published version)CD Knott. 1996. "Field collection and preservation of urine in orangutans and chimpanzees. Tropical Biodiversity." Tropical Biodiversity, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp. 95 - 102.
Disease is recognized as a critical factor that can affect primate behavior, yet few methods allow for the quantification of disease states in wild primates. This paper reports on the use of urinary test strips to detect the presence of disease and monitor physiological status in wild orangutans . Urine was collected from wild orangutans at Gunung Palung National Park, Indonesian Borneo, between August 1994 and August 1995. A total of 387 urine samples were obtained from over 43 orangutans by placing plastic sheets beneath individuals during urination. Boehringer Mannheim urinary test strips were used to evaluate specific gravity, leukocytes, nitrite, pH, ketones, protein, glucose, urobilinogen, bilirubin and blood . Objectives of using these test strips were (1) to evaluate the presence of disease (2) to detect signs of nutritional stress (3) to monitor the occurrence of menstruation and (4) to use specific gravity as a measure of urine concentration for hormonal analysis. [TRUNCATED]
Poster presented at the American Association of Physical Anthropologists Meeting, Durham, North Carolina, April 14, 1996