The effects of the experience of emotional discrepancy upon affiliative behavior
Hunt, Robert Arthur
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This study reports an investigation of some determinants of the desire for affiliation following fear arousal. Predictions were derived related to; a) the effect upon affiliation of having information about the fear intensity of self and others, and b) the awareness of reacting discrepantly, i.e., with more or less fear intensity than peers in identical stress situations. According to Schacter's elaboration of Festinger's Social Comparison theory, an individual wishes to evaluate his emotions by comparison with others when objective means of doing so are unavailable. Manipulating fear intensity, Schacter found that affiliative tendency was positively related to fear level, and that fearful Ss wish wish to affiliate only with similarly fearful Ss. Gerard and Rabbie found that apprehensive Ss provided with information concerning the intensity of their own and others' fear reactions demonstrated less desire for affiliation than Ss without such information. [TRUNCATED]
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Boston University.
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