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dc.contributor.authorGeisbert, Thomas W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDaddario-DiCaprio, Kathleen M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLewis, Mark G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGeisbert, Joan B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGrolla, Allenen_US
dc.contributor.authorLeung, Andersen_US
dc.contributor.authorParagas, Jasonen_US
dc.contributor.authorMatthias, Lennoxen_US
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Mark A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJones, Steven M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHensley, Lisa E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFeldmann, Heinzen_US
dc.contributor.authorJahrling, Peter B.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-01-09T21:04:08Z
dc.date.available2012-01-09T21:04:08Z
dc.date.issued2008-11-28en_US
dc.identifier.citationGeisbert, Thomas W., Kathleen M. Daddario-DiCaprio, Mark G. Lewis, Joan B. Geisbert, Allen Grolla, Anders Leung, Jason Paragas, Lennox Matthias, Mark A. Smith, Steven M. Jones, Lisa E. Hensley, Heinz Feldmann, Peter B. Jahrling. "Vesicular Stomatitis Virus-Based Ebola Vaccine Is Well-Tolerated and Protects Immunocompromised Nonhuman Primates" PLoS Pathogens 4(11): e1000225. (2008)en_US
dc.identifier.issn1553-7374en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2144/2985
dc.description.abstractEbola virus (EBOV) is a significant human pathogen that presents a public health concern as an emerging/re-emerging virus and as a potential biological weapon. Substantial progress has been made over the last decade in developing candidate preventive vaccines that can protect nonhuman primates against EBOV. Among these prospects, a vaccine based on recombinant vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) is particularly robust, as it can also confer protection when administered as a postexposure treatment. A concern that has been raised regarding the replication-competent VSV vectors that express EBOV glycoproteins is how these vectors would be tolerated by individuals with altered or compromised immune systems such as patients infected with HIV. This is especially important as all EBOV outbreaks to date have occurred in areas of Central and Western Africa with high HIV incidence rates in the population. In order to address this concern, we evaluated the safety of the recombinant VSV vector expressing the Zaire ebolavirus glycoprotein (VSVΔG/ZEBOVGP) in six rhesus macaques infected with simian-human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV). All six animals showed no evidence of illness associated with the VSVΔG/ZEBOVGP vaccine, suggesting that this vaccine may be safe in immunocompromised populations. While one goal of the study was to evaluate the safety of the candidate vaccine platform, it was also of interest to determine if altered immune status would affect vaccine efficacy. The vaccine protected 4 of 6 SHIV-infected macaques from death following ZEBOV challenge. Evaluation of CD4+ T cells in all animals showed that the animals that succumbed to lethal ZEBOV challenge had the lowest CD4+ counts, suggesting that CD4+ T cells may play a role in mediating protection against ZEBOV. Author SummaryEbola virus is among the most lethal microbes known to man, with case fatality rates often exceeding 80%. Since its discovery in 1976, outbreaks have been sporadic and geographically restricted, primarily to areas of Central Africa. However, concern about the natural or unnatural introduction of Ebola outside of the endemic areas has dramatically increased both research interest and public awareness. A number of candidate vaccines have been developed to combat Ebola virus, and these vaccines have shown varying degrees of success in nonhuman primate models. Safety is a significant concern for any vaccine and in particular for vaccines that replicate in the host. Here, we evaluated the safety of our replication-competent vesicular stomatitus virus (VSV)-based Ebola vaccine in SHIV-infected rhesus monkeys. We found that the vaccine caused no evidence of overt illness in any of these immunocompromised animals. We also demonstrated that this vaccine partially protected the SHIV-infected monkeys against a lethal Ebola challenge and that there appears to be an association with levels of CD4+ lymphocytes and survival. Our study suggests that the VSV-based Ebola vaccine will be safe in immunocompromised populations and supports further study and development of this promising vaccine platform for its use in humans.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipDefense Threat Reduction Agency (project 04-4-7J-012); Public Health Agency of Canada; Canadian Institutes of Health Research (MOP-39321); Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Research and Technology Initiativeen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science Pathogensen_US
dc.titleVesicular Stomatitis Virus-Based Ebola Vaccine Is Well-Tolerated and Protects Immunocompromised Nonhuman Primatesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.ppat.1000225en_US
dc.identifier.pmid19043556en_US
dc.identifier.pmcid2582959en_US


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