Surgical outcomes after pneumatic retinopexy, scleral buckle placement, and/or pars plana vitrectomy in cases of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment
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PURPOSE: To investigate the outcomes and success rate of surgical intervention for patients diagnosed with primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. We investigate the most common and current procedures: pneumatic retinopexy (PR), pars plana vitrectomy(PPV), scleral buckle(SB), and combined vitrectomy and scleral buckle(SB+PPV). METHODS: This nonrandomized, retrospective case series was conducted using data from a single retina surgeon at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. Patient data was collected from September 1999 - October 2017. The main inclusion criteria were diagnosis with a primary (meaning it is a first RD experienced by the eye) RRD and subsequent treatment with scleral buckle, vitrectomy, pneumatic retinopexy, or a combination of scleral buckle and vitrectomy (SBV). Patients who have experienced a prior RD, trational RD, or RD due to trauma were excluded from this study. Preoperative and postoperative VA was compared using a logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) score. sixty patients underwent PR treatment (n=60), sixty patients were treated with a combination of SB+PPV (n=60), fifty-two were treated with PPV (n=52) alone, and fifty-four had SB (n=54) treatment. A successful outcome was a complete reattachment of the retina in subsequent follow-up appointments based on comprehensive fundus exams and ocular coherence tomography (OCT) scan. RESULTS: Our study showed significant success rates across all four potential surgeries. PR having a success rate of 48/60 (72%), SB+PPV with 53/60 (88%), PPV at 41/52 (77%), and SB showing 41/54 (79%). Starting visual acuity for PR was .67, Combined SB+PPV patients started with 1.4, PPV patients had a 1.84 logMAR score, and SB patients had a starting visual of 1.82. Patients undergoing PR treatment had a lower occurrence of mac-off RRD at 55%. While patients who underwent combined SB+PPV, vitrectomy alone, and SB had higher rates of mac-off RRD at 67%, 60%, and 58% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated good outcomes for all surgical procedures used. While the type of surgery performed will depend on a case-by-case determination. The results of our study showed improvement in visual acuity in patients after treatment for primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). Overall, the results of our study demonstrate very good outcomes for patients treated with PR, vitrectomy, SB, and combine SB+PPV.