Personality and parenting processes associated with problem behaviors: a study of adolescents in Santiago, Chile
Bares, Cristina B.
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Citation (published version)Cristina B Bares, Jorge Delva, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Fernando Andrade. 2011. "Personality and Parenting Processes Associated with Problem Behaviors: A Study of Adolescents in Santiago, Chile." SOCIAL WORK RESEARCH, v. 35, Issue 4, pp. 227 - 240 (14). https://doi.org/10.1093/swr/35.4.227
Considerable research in the U.S. has established that adolescent antisocial, aggressive, and attention problems have a negative influence on adolescents' ability to become productive members of society. However, although these behaviors appear in other cultures, little is known about the development of these problems among adolescents in countries other than the U.S.. This study contributes to our understanding of personality and parenting factors associated with adolescent problem behaviors using an international sample. Data are from a NIDA-funded study of 884 community-dwelling adolescents in Santiago, Chile (Mean age=14, SD=1.4, 48% females) of mid-to-low socioeconomic status. Results revealed that rule-breaking and aggressive behaviors were both associated with greater levels of adolescent drive but lower levels of parental monitoring and positive parenting by both parents. Adolescents who reported more attention problems were more likely to exhibit driven behavior, more behavioral inhibition, to report lower levels of parental monitoring, and positive parenting by mother and father. Results of interactions revealed that the influences of positive parenting and parental monitoring on adolescent aggressive behaviors varied as a function of the gender of the adolescent. Helping parents build on their parenting skills may result in important reductions in adolescent problem behaviors among U.S. and international adolescents.
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