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dc.contributor.authorBhullar, Annumen_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-25T12:44:39Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.date.submitted2012
dc.identifier.otherb38091380
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2144/31508
dc.descriptionThesis (M.A.)--Boston Universityen_US
dc.descriptionPLEASE NOTE: Boston University Libraries did not receive an Authorization To Manage form for this thesis or dissertation. It is therefore not openly accessible, though it may be available by request. If you are the author or principal advisor of this work and would like to request open access for it, please contact us at open-help@bu.edu. Thank you.en_US
dc.description.abstractObstetric Fistula (OF) is a devastating condition, normally caused by obstructed labor, which results in uncontrollable urinary and fecal incontinence and affects thousands of women every year. Most of the women affected by OF reside in small isolated, rural villages, creating challenges to diagnosis and treatment. Due to lack of standardization of therapy approaches, many women undergoing OF-repair often redevelop incontinence or other complications. This paper analyzes both vaginal and abdominal approaches to OF, evaluating their outcomes and the challenges they present. The therapies analyzed are: the Latzko approach, the layered-closure, and the Martius flap procedure. The goal of this paper is to determine which procedure is most appropriate to use for specific types of OF in order to establish therapeutic standardization. This study reviewed a significant amount of literature evaluating all three therapy approaches. It was determined that the Latzko approach should be utilized as the first approach to vesicovaginal fistula (WF) and vesicouterine fistula (VUF) due to its simplicity, avoidance of major operative complications, and successful postoperative repair results. Layered-closure approaches should be refrained from use, unless the Latzko approach is impossible or in specific cases of urethrovaginal fistula. Due to its more extensive operation and post-operative follow-up, the Martius flap procedures should be used only for significantly complex fistulas, such as those that involve multiple organs, are exceptionally large or recurrent. Surgical approaches, however, cannot repair the OF problem on its own, due to a number of challenges and ethical considerations. Therefore, challenges to OF treatment and repair were also considered and analyzed. A final evaluation determined that the creation of permanent infrastructure, such as women's reproductive health and delivery clinics will provide the greatest improvements to the current OF status. By solving problems such as surgeon shortages, cost issues, and the lack of follow-up and mental health services, it was determined that permanent delivery clinics with established transportation methods will produce the most significant reduction of obstructed labor, and therefore OF occurrence, and the most promising OF prevention method as well.en_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherBoston Universityen_US
dc.subjectObstetric fistulaen_US
dc.subjectObstetricsen_US
dc.titleObstetric fistula: challenges and approachesen_US
dc.typeThesis/Dissertationen_US
dc.description.embargo2031-01-01
etd.degree.nameMaster of Artsen_US
etd.degree.levelmastersen_US
etd.degree.disciplineMedicineen_US
etd.degree.grantorBoston Universityen_US
dc.identifier.barcode11719026843153
dc.identifier.mmsid99185429950001161


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