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dc.contributor.authorBrawn, Ryan Altonen_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-25T12:44:52Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.date.submitted2012
dc.identifier.otherb38906740-01bosu
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2144/31515
dc.descriptionThesis (Ph.D.)--Boston Universityen_US
dc.descriptionPLEASE NOTE: Boston University Libraries did not receive an Authorization To Manage form for this thesis or dissertation. It is therefore not openly accessible, though it may be available by request. If you are the author or principal advisor of this work and would like to request open access for it, please contact us at open-help@bu.edu. Thank you.en_US
dc.description.abstractAllenylsilanes have recently emerged as a potent nucleophiles for additions to C=X pi bonds. A limiting factor in the development of allenylsilane reagents has been the lack of procedures for a reliable, multi-gram synthesis of highly enantioenriched reagents. A lipase mediated kinetic resolution/Claisen rearrangement strategy was used for the synthesis of allenysilanes, forming the reagents in high yields with high levels of enantioselectivity on a multi-gram scale. The chiral allenes were used for additions to oxonium ions in a three-component reaction with aldehydes and silyl ethers, forming homopropargylic ethers. The desired products were formed in high yields and diastereoselectivities for a variety of reaction partners. C-glycosidation reactions with glycals led to the stereoselective formation of carbohydrate derivatives with a side chain containing an internal alkyne. Additions of enantioenriched allenylsilanes to iminium ions provided a variety of enantioenriched reaction products. Reactions with N-acyl iminium ions formed from tertbutyl carbamate resulted in the stereoselective formation of 4,5-cis dihydropyrroles, in moderate yields and very high levels of disatereoslectivity. Switching the nitrogen source to methyl carbamate led to the selective formation of dihydrooxazines, again formed in very high levels of selectivity and moderate yields. Iminium ions derived from sulfonamides lead to acyclic homopropargylic sulfonamides, with a mechanistically interesting lactone byproduct formed when aryl aldehydes were used. The homopropargylic ether reaction products were used as a template for diversity oriented synthesis. When an azide functionality was imbedded on either the aldehyde or silyl ether reaction partner a dipolar cycloaddition could occur, leading to highly functionalized fused ring systems containing a 1 ,2,3-triazole functionality. A range of aldehyde and silyl ethers with imbedded azides led to a high level of high structural and stereochemical diversity in these reactions. Conversion of the ester functionality to a sulfamate ester, followed by metallonitrene formation, resulted in a cycloadditon cascade terminated by a dearomative cyclopropanation. The products of these reactions were structurally uniquering systems containing stable norcaradienes.en_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherBoston Universityen_US
dc.titleEnantioenriched allenylsilanes as building blocks for stereocontrol in organic synthesisen_US
dc.typeThesis/Dissertationen_US
dc.description.embargo2031-01-01
etd.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen_US
etd.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
etd.degree.disciplinePhilosophyen_US
etd.degree.grantorBoston Universityen_US
dc.identifier.barcode11719032086144
dc.identifier.mmsid99196027210001161


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