Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorHitsman, Brianen_US
dc.contributor.authorShen, Biing-Jiunen_US
dc.contributor.authorCohen, Ronald A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMorissette, Sandra B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDrobes, David J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSpring, Bonnieen_US
dc.contributor.authorSchneider, Kristinen_US
dc.contributor.authorEvans, David E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGulliver, Suzy B.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKamholz, Barbara W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPrice, Lawrence H.en_US
dc.contributor.authorNiaura, Raymonden_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-01-11T17:18:53Z
dc.date.available2012-01-11T17:18:53Z
dc.date.issued2010-6-26
dc.identifier.citationHitsman, Brian, Biing-Jiun Shen, Ronald A. Cohen, Sandra B. Morissette, David J. Drobes, Bonnie Spring, Kristin Schneider, David E. Evans, Suzy B. Gulliver, Barbara W. Kamholz, Lawrence H. Price, Raymond Niaura. "Measuring smoking-related preoccupation and compulsive drive: evaluation of the obsessive compulsive smoking scale" Psychopharmacology 211(4): 377-387. (2010)
dc.identifier.issn1432-2072
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2144/3165
dc.description.abstractRATIONALE. Tobacco use for many people is compulsive in nature. Compelling theories of how smoking becomes compulsive exist but are largely based on extrapolation from neuroscience findings. Research on smokers is impeded, in part, by a lack of instruments that specifically measure compulsive smoking. OBJECTIVE. This study evaluated the measurement structure and validity of the Obsessive Compulsive Smoking Scale (OCSS), a ten-item questionnaire designed to measure compulsive smoking. METHODS. Participants were 239 daily smokers (=1 cigarette/day), including 142 students at a public university in Chicago and 97 veterans treated at the VA Boston Healthcare System. The OCSS and questionnaires measuring current and past smoking, cigarette craving, automatic smoking, and nicotine dependence were administered. RESULTS. Factor analysis with maximum likelihood extraction and oblique rotation revealed two correlated underlying factors, interpreted as "Preoccupation with Smoking" and "Compulsive Drive." The measurement structure was consistent across students and veterans, and confirmed in an independent sample of adults (n=95). Veterans exhibited higher OCSS scores (full scale and subscales) than students. Across groups, higher OCSS scores were positively correlated with smoking intensity, craving, and nicotine dependence. OCSS full-scale and compulsive drive scores, but not smoking preoccupation scores, were inversely correlated with past month smoking reduction and minutes since last cigarette. CONCLUSIONS. The OCSS is a valid and reliable inventory for measuring the degree to which daily smokers are preoccupied with smoking and engage in compulsive tobacco use, and may be useful for advancing understanding of core smoking phenotypes or for tailoring cessation therapies.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Institutes of Health (K08 DA017145, P50 CA084719, K23 DA016376, K23 DA016138)en_US
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSpringer-Verlagen_US
dc.rightsCopyright The Author(s) 2010en_US
dc.subjectTobacco useen_US
dc.subjectAddictionen_US
dc.subjectSmoking preoccupationen_US
dc.subjectCompulsive smokingen_US
dc.subjectCravingen_US
dc.subjectPsychometricsen_US
dc.subjectObsessive compulsive smoking scaleen_US
dc.subjectCollege studentsen_US
dc.subjectAdultsen_US
dc.titleMeasuring Smoking-Related Preoccupation and Compulsive Drive: Evaluation of the Obsessive Compulsive Smoking Scaleen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s00213-010-1910-z
dc.identifier.pmid20582399
dc.identifier.pmcid2908436


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record