Comparative anchorage maintenance between the intercanine coil, lip bumper, and mandibular cervical traction during cuspid retraction
Iverson, Dennis B.
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The present study was undertaken to compare the efficiency of three different biomechanical mechanisms in preserving mandibular molar anchorage. Thirty-five patients were treated with intercanine coil, lip bumper, 9r mandibular cervical traction through the end of cuspid retraction. Midtreatment cephalograms were then taken. Superimposition of these midtreatment cepbalograms with the pretreatment cephalograms provided the author with the net mesial or distal movement of the mandibular first molar in each case. The data obtained from each case was accordingly placed in the appropriate biomechanical group. Each group was then statistically related to one another by means of the Mann-Whitney U Test. It was found that a stastically significant difference existed between lower cervical traction and the intercanine coil. The confidence level obtained (P < .02) indicated that less than two cases out of a hundred had a chance of coming from the same population. This data also showed a mean increase in mandibular anchorage with lower cervical traction ( +.062 mm. gained) indicating that there may be very good possibilities for this system to be used in orthodontic cases when anchorage is of a critical nature.
Thesis (M.Sc.D.)--Boston University School of Graduate Dentistry, 1972 (Orthodontics)Bibliography included.
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