Computer-based tracking, analysis, and visualization of linguistically significant nonmanual events in American Sign Language (ASL)
MetadataShow full item record
Citation (published version)Carol Neidle, Jingjing Liu, Bo Liu, Xi Peng, Christian Vogler, Dimitris Metaxas. 2014. "Computer-based Tracking, Analysis, and Visualization of Linguistically Significant Nonmanual Events in American Sign Language (ASL)." LREC 2014 - NINTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON LANGUAGE RESOURCES AND EVALUATION. 9th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC). Reykjavik, ICELAND, 2014-05-26 - 2014-05-31.
Our linguistically annotated American Sign Language (ASL) corpora have formed a basis for research to automate detection by computer of essential linguistic information conveyed through facial expressions and head movements. We have tracked head position and facial deformations, and used computational learning to discern specific grammatical markings. Our ability to detect, identify, and temporally localize the occurrence of such markings in ASL videos has recently been improved by incorporation of (1) new techniques for deformable model-based 3D tracking of head position and facial expressions, which provide significantly better tracking accuracy and recover quickly from temporary loss of track due to occlusion; and (2) a computational learning approach incorporating 2-level Conditional Random Fields (CRFs), suited to the multi-scale spatio-temporal characteristics of the data, which analyses not only low-level appearance characteristics, but also the patterns that enable identification of significant gestural components, such as periodic head movements and raised or lowered eyebrows. Here we summarize our linguistically motivated computational approach and the results for detection and recognition of nonmanual grammatical markings; demonstrate our data visualizations, and discuss the relevance for linguistic research; and describe work underway to enable such visualizations to be produced over large corpora and shared publicly on the Web.