The relationships among computer literacy, computer access, and achievement in high school students
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Computer skill scores of 166 high school sophomores were derived from a survey instrument and correlated to their GP A and state standardized test results. The survey instrument gathered demographic data, including home access to a computer and Internet, and used Likert questions to gauge the respondent's skill with various computer tasks. The computer skill categories measured were general operative skills, word processing skills, spreadsheet skills, and Internet communication skills. Results of the correlation testing revealed numerous significant and positive correlations between computer skill survey scores and both GPA and the state standardized tests. Further analysis revealed a significant difference in academic performance between survey respondents with access to multiple home computers versus single. Respondents with home high speed Internet access exhibited significantly higher computer skill scores than those with dial-up Internet access. Results are discussed and suggestions for further research are explored.
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