Sleep disorders in children with chronic headaches
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BACKGROUND: Headaches and sleep disorders are common childhood complaints that both have detriments to the proper development of a child. It has been found that children with headaches have an increased association with sleep disorders when compared to their healthy counterparts. It has also been demonstrated that children with other chronic pain conditions, such as gastrointestinal or musculoskeletal conditions, have increased associations with sleep disorders. Neither groups have been compared to one another with regard to prevalence of sleep disturbance. LITERATURE REVIEW FINDINGS: This proposal includes a detailed literature review which is comprised mostly of cross sectional studies. The literature review discusses the large body of evidence that examines the relationship of headaches and sleep disorders in childhood. However, this review also highlights the limitations in the understanding of the importance of sleep to pediatric painful conditions in general, and specifically what difference exist between sleep in different types of chronic pain in children. PROPOSED PROJECT: This cross-sectional study will evaluate the relationship between sleep disturbances and chronic pain disorders in children, which include headaches, inflammatory bowel disease, and juvenile arthritis. The goal of this research is to examine whether sleep disturbance is more common in children with headaches as compared to other pediatric chronic pain conditions. CONCLUSIONS: This research will compare prevalence rates of sleep disturbances to evaluate if the prevalence will be greater in children with headaches as compared to other chronic pain conditions. Additionally, this study will determine if there is a difference in prevalence of sleep disturbances in children with headache subgroups. The completed research will further examine and build upon the existing knowledge regarding the relationship between pain and sleep.