The intersection of race, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, trans identity, and mental health outcomes
Budge, Stephanie L.
Thai, Jayden L.
Tebbe, Elliot A.
Howard, Kimberly A.S.
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Citation (published version)Stephanie L Budge, Jayden L Thai, Elliot A Tebbe, Kimberly AS Howard. 2016. "The Intersection of Race, Sexual Orientation, Socioeconomic Status, Trans Identity, and Mental Health Outcomes." Counseling Psychologist, Volume 44, Issue 7, pp. 1025 - 1049 (25). https://doi.org/10.1177/0011000015609046
The present study examined patterns in trans individuals’ multiple identities and mental health outcomes. Cluster 1 (socioeconomic and racial privilege; n = 239) was characterized by individuals who identified as trans women or cross-dressers, lesbian, bisexual, or questioning; had associates degrees; reported household incomes of $60,000 or more a year; and were non-Latino White. Cluster 2 (educational privilege; n = 191) was characterized by individuals who identified as trans men or genderqueer, gay, or queer; had a bachelor’s degree; reported household incomes of $10,000 or less a year; and were people of color. There was a pattern of individuals in Cluster 1 who identified with two privileged identities (identifying as White and having higher household incomes), whereas individuals in Cluster 2 identified only formal education as a privilege. Individuals in Cluster 2 reported statistically significant levels of anxiety. Implications of these results for future research and clinical practice are examined.