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dc.contributor.authorCelikkol Erbas, Baharen_US
dc.contributor.authorGuven Solakoglu, Ebruen_US
dc.date.accessioned2019-02-21T19:42:12Z
dc.date.available2019-02-21T19:42:12Z
dc.identifierhttps://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/9/11/1989
dc.identifier.citationBahar Celikkol Erbas, Ebru Guven Solakoglu. "In the Presence of Climate Change, the Use of Fertilizers and the Effect of Income on Agricultural Emissions." Sustainability, Volume 9, Issue 11, pp. 1989 - 1989. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9111989
dc.identifier.issn2071-1050
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2144/33396
dc.description.abstractThis study looks into the factual link between nitrogen fertilizer use and the land annual mean temperature anomalies arising from climate change, incorporating the effect of income and agriculture share to understand better their impact on emissions from agricultural activities along climate indicators. The study unearths causalities associated with this link by employing the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) with back-dated actual panel data specifically constructed for this study by combining four datasets from 2002 to 2010. In the long-run, the causality is significant and unidirectional, indicating that income, agriculture share, and land temperature anomalies cause agricultural emissions, and that disequilibrium from such emissions is not eliminated within a year. In the short-run, the effective use of nitrogen fertilizers and other associated agricultural practices can be achieved as countries approach per capita income of 7000 USD. Changes in the structure of economies have an expected effect on agricultural emissions. Temperature anomalies increase agricultural emissions from nitrogen fertilizers, possibly due to the fact that the potential negative impacts of these anomalies are mitigated by farmers through changes in crop production inputs. Therefore, as part of adoption strategies, to avoid the excessive and inefficient use of nitrogen fertilizers by farmers, economic incentives should be aligned with the national and global incentives of sustainability.en_US
dc.description.urihttp://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/9/11/1989
dc.description.urihttp://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/9/11/1989
dc.format.extentp. 1989en_US
dc.languageen
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherMDPI AGen_US
dc.relation.ispartofSustainability
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 Internationalen_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectBuilt environment and designen_US
dc.subjectAgricultureen_US
dc.subjectNitrogen fertilizeren_US
dc.subjectClimate changeen_US
dc.subjectVECMen_US
dc.titleIn the presence of climate change, the use of fertilizers and the effect of income on agricultural emissionsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/su9111989
pubs.elements-sourcemanual-entryen_US
pubs.notesEmbargo: No embargoen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston Universityen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston University, College of Arts & Sciencesen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston University, College of Arts & Sciences, Department of Economicsen_US
pubs.publication-statusPublished onlineen_US
dc.date.online2017-10-31
dc.date.online2017-10-31


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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International