The relationship of attitude and reading comprehension to critical reading responses
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PROBLEM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of high school readers' attitudes and reading comprehension abilities to critical reading responses. The two topics of communism and Negro racism were chosen for the articles about which critical reading responses were to be made. PROCEDURE: Four articles were written on each topic to provide information upon which students could make judgments. A set of questions consisting of three types, fact-opinion, interpretation of conclusions, and evaluation of arguments, was constructed for each article. Attitude scales on each of the topics were also constructed. A test-retest procedure verified their reliability. Standardized tests administered to the population were: the NelsonDenny Reading Test, Revised, Form A; the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal, Revised, Form YM; the Otis Quick-Scoring Mental Ability Test: New Edition, Gamma Test. The experimental population comprised 270 students, 145 boys and 125 girls, in ten college preparatory English classes in grade eleven. The author administered the attitude scales and the standardized tests. After completion of the testing the classroom English teachers presented the articles and questions on alternate days over a period of three weeks. The topics were also alternated. Each student responded to every question [TRUNCATED]
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