Orally Available Mn Porphyrins with Superoxide Dismutase and Catalase Activities
Rosenthal, Rosalind A.
Huffman, Karl D.
Fisette, Leslie W.
Damphousse, Christy A.
Callaway, Wyeth B.
Doctrow, Susan R.
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Citation (published version)Rosenthal, Rosalind A., Karl D. Huffman, Leslie W. Fisette, Christy A. Damphousse, Wyeth B. Callaway, Bernard Malfroy, Susan R. Doctrow. "Orally available Mn porphyrins with superoxide dismutase and catalase activities" Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry 14(6): 979-991. (2009)
Superoxide dismutase/catalase mimetics, such as salen Mn complexes and certain metalloporphyrins, catalytically neutralize reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, which have been implicated in the pathogenesis of many serious diseases. Both classes of mimetic are protective in animal models of oxidative stress. However, only AEOL11207 and EUK-418, two uncharged Mn porphyrins, have been shown to be orally bioavailable. In this study, EUK-418 and several new analogs (the EUK-400 series) were synthesized and shown to exhibit superoxide dismutase, catalase, and peroxidase activities in vitro. Some also protected PC12 cells against staurosporine-induced cell death. All EUK-400 compounds were stable in simulated gastric fluid, and most were substantially more lipophilic than the salen Mn complexes EUK-189 and EUK-207, which lack oral activity. Pharmacokinetics studies demonstrate the presence of all EUK-400 series compounds in the plasma of rats after oral administration. These EUK-400 series compounds are potential oral therapeutic agents for cellular damage caused by oxidative stress. ELECTRONIC SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL. The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s00775-009-0550-4) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
RightsCopyright The Author(s) 2009