Television broadcasting in minority languages: the case of TV3 and a comparative study
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This paper provides a case study of TV3. TV3 is a regional television channel which broadcasts throughout the territory of Catalonia (North-East of Spain) exclusively in Catalan, a minority language. The population in Catalonia is six millions and 80 percent declares to speak Catalan. Also the paper's goal is to develop options for the future oper ation of this regional television organization. To accomplish this, information has been gathered about the operations of four other television organizations with similar characteristics to TV3. These television organizations and their broadcasting language are: ETB, Euskera, (Basque Country ,Spain); TVG, Galician, (Galicia Spain); S4C, Welsh, (Wales, United Kingdom); and SRC, French (Quebec, Canada). From these five different cases, the researcher extracts trends in program production, programming, foreign acquisitions and impact of broadcasts in the reestablishment of the minority language. Tl:e conclusions of this work state: 1) a favorable contribution of the regional broadcasts to the support of the minority language; 2) the tendency of regional television channels to program similarly to nation-wide networks due to competition in reaching the same audience; and 3) the tendency to change traditional production source (the television networks themselves) for a diversified source (independent producers). Finally, there are recommendations to increase: 1) the number of children's programs broadcast; 2) the governmental action to encourage independent production; 3) the number of television channels.
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