Pinning of dynamic spin-density-wave fluctuations in cuprate superconductors
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Citation (published version)A Polkovnikov, M Vojta, S Sachdev. 2002. "Pinning of dynamic spin-density-wave fluctuations in cuprate superconductors." PHYSICAL REVIEW B, Volume 65, Issue 22, pp. ? - ? (4). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.65.220509
We present a theory of the pinning of dynamic spin-density-wave (SDW) fluctuations in a d-wave superconductor by local imperfections that preserve spin-rotation invariance, such as impurities or vortex cores. The pinning leads to static spatial modulations in spin-singlet observables, while the SDW correlations remain dynamic: these are the “Friedel oscillations” of a spin-gap antiferromagnet. We connect the spectrum of these modulations as observed by scanning tunnelling microscopy to the dynamic spin structure factor measured by inelastic neutron scattering.