Stress in ICU and non-ICU nurses
Chen, Jane Y.
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Nurses are subjected to occupational stress factors that can result in the syndrome of burnout. This study compared levels of burnout in nurses in a medical-surgical ICU setting to those in non-ICU medical-surgical settings. A randomized sample of 40 nurses of an urban hospital in Taiwan, twenty nurses in an ICU and 20 in five non-ICU settings (general medical-surgical wards), who returned the questionnaire used to measure burnout, were included in the study. The instrument utilized was the Staff Burnout Scale for Health Professionals. The study found no significant difference in levels of burnout in the two groups. Both groups in this study experienced a higher level of burnout than was reported in other studies in United States literature. In particular, two general medical-surgical wards which had high patient/nurse ratios, had very high levels of burnout. The study also found that all nurses with lower educational levels and ICU nurses with more years of work experience had more burnout.
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