From Developmental State to Autonomy: The politics of business associations in Taiwan and South Korea
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This paper explores the transformation of business interest organization in South Korea and Taiwan. I would explore how the state, capital, and labor respond to the currents of democratization and economic liberalization and how the interaction between these parties shaped the incentives and organizational costs of business interest organization. I argue that there is a divergence in business interest organization in South Korea and Taiwan. We see that the businesses in South Korea have developed a rather centralized network of business association, while the business interest organization has become increasingly pluralistic in Taiwan. The empirical research presented in this paper would explore the reasons behind such divergence. I suggest that the strength of labor militancy, the difference in the politics of economic restructuring, and the different pattern of party politics are the causes of such differences.