Convergence, financial development, and policy analysis
Lin, Justin Yifu
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Citation (published version)Lin, J.Y., Miao, J. & Wang, P. 2019. "Convergence, Financial Development, and Policy Analysis." Economic Theory, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00199-019-01181-z
We study the relationship among inflation, economic growth, and financial development in a Schumpeterian overlapping generations model with credit constraints. In the baseline case, money is super-neutral. When the financial development exceeds some critical level, the economy catches up and then converges to the growth rate of the world technology frontier. Otherwise, the economy converges to a poverty trap with a growth rate lower than the frontier and with inflation decreasing with the level of financial development. We then study efficient allocation and identify the sources of inefficiency in a market equilibrium. We show that a particular combination of monetary and fiscal policies can make a market equilibrium attain the efficient allocation.