Community-based financing of family planning in developing countries: A systematic review
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Citation (published version)Mahesh Karra, David Canning, Janice Hu, Moazzam Ali, Craig Lissner. 2016. "Community-Based Financing of Family Planning in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review." Studies in Family Planning, Volume 47, Issue 4, pp. 325 - 339. https://doi.org/10.1111/sifp.12000
In this systematic review, we gather evidence on community financing schemes and insurance programs for family planning in developing countries, and we assess the impact of these programs on primary outcomes related to contraceptive use. To identify and evaluate the research findings, we adopt a four‐stage review process that employs a weight‐of‐evidence and risk‐of‐bias analytic approach. Out of 19,138 references that were identified, only four studies were included in our final analysis, and only one study was determined to be of high quality. In the four studies, the evidence on the impact of community‐based financing on family planning and fertility outcomes is inconclusive. These limited and mixed findings suggest that either: 1) more high‐quality evidence on community‐based financing for family planning is needed before any conclusions can be made; or 2) community‐based financing for family planning may, in fact, have little or no effect on family planning outcomes.
Rights© 2016 The Authors. Studies in Family Planning published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of The Population Council, Inc. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.