The Intensive Cognitive-Communication Rehabilitation Program for young adults with acquired brain injury
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Citation (published version)Natalie Gilmore, Katrina Ross, Swathi Kiran. 2019. "The Intensive Cognitive-Communication Rehabilitation Program for Young Adults With Acquired Brain Injury.." Am J Speech Lang Pathol, Volume 28, Issue 1S, pp. 341 - 358. https://doi.org/10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0153
PURPOSE: This study investigated the effects of an intensive cognitive-communication rehabilitation (ICCR) program for young individuals with chronic acquired brain injury. METHOD: ICCR included classroom lectures; metacognitive instruction, modeling, and application; technology skills training; and individual cognitive-linguistic therapy. Four individuals participated in the intensive program (6 hr with 1-hr lunch break × 4 days × 12 weeks of treatment): 3 participants completed 3 consecutive semesters, and 1 participant completed 1 semester. Two controls did not receive treatment and completed assessments before and after the 12-week treatment interval only. RESULTS: All 4 experimental participants demonstrated significant improvements on at least 1 standardized cognitive-linguistic measure, whereas controls did not. Furthermore, time point significantly predicted participants' scores on 2 of the 4 standardized outcome measures, indicating that as duration in ICCR increased, scores also increased. Participants who completed multiple semesters of ICCR also improved in their therapy and personal goals, classroom behavior, life participation, and quality of life. CONCLUSION: After ICCR, participants showed gains in their cognitive-linguistic functioning, classroom participation, and individual therapy. They also demonstrated improvements outside the classroom and in their overall well-being. There is a gap between the large population of young adults with acquired brain injury who wish to return to higher education and a lack of rehabilitation programs supporting reentry into academic environments; ICCR is a first step in reducing that gap.