'The claims of Asia and the Far East’: India and the FAO in the age of ambivalent internationalism
MetadataShow full item record
Citation (published version)B. Siegel. 2019. "'The Claims of Asia and the Far East’: India and the FAO in the Age of Ambivalent Internationalism." International History Review, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp. 427 - 450. https://doi.org/10.1080/07075332.2018.1463551
If any nation were poised to actualize the developmental promises that the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) extended to the international community, it was India. India's independence came in the wake of devastating famine in Bengal and the fears of its recurrence, and the nationalists who had midwifed India's freedom staked their legitimacy to the promise of food for all. Yet from independence, the FAO played only a marginal role in India's agricultural development, its projects reflecting a winnowing scale of ambition. From early investigations into the improved cultivation of basic food grains, the FAO's projects grew increasingly modest by the time of the Green Revolution, revolving around modest improvements to capitalist agriculture, from wool shearing to timber and fishery development. Instead, India drew more substantively upon resources made available by the Ford and Rockefeller Foundations, the United States Technical Cooperation Mission and occasional Soviet largesse. Meanwhile, the Indian most associated with the FAO, B.R. Sen (Director-General, 1956–1967), struggled to align the Organization's capacities with India's scarcity crises, even as his own understanding of famine drew upon his experience as India's Director of Food during the Bengal Famine.
RightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International