Drug-induced stress granule formation protects sensory hair cells in mouse cochlear explants during ototoxicity
Gonçalves, Ana Cláudia
Towers, Emily R.
Porco, John A.
Dawson, Sally J.
Gale, Jonathan E.
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Citation (published version)Ana Cláudia Gonçalves, Emily R Towers, Naila Haq, John A Porco, Jerry Pelletier, Sally J Dawson, Jonathan E Gale. 2019. "Drug-induced Stress Granule Formation Protects Sensory Hair Cells in Mouse Cochlear Explants During Ototoxicity.." Sci Rep, Volume 9, Issue 1:12501. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-48393-w
Stress granules regulate RNA translation during cellular stress, a mechanism that is generally presumed to be protective, since stress granule dysregulation caused by mutation or ageing is associated with neurodegenerative disease. Here, we investigate whether pharmacological manipulation of the stress granule pathway in the auditory organ, the cochlea, affects the survival of sensory hair cells during aminoglycoside ototoxicity, a common cause of acquired hearing loss. We show that hydroxamate (-)-9, a silvestrol analogue that inhibits eIF4A, induces stress granule formation in both an auditory cell line and ex-vivo cochlear cultures and that it prevents ototoxin-induced hair-cell death. In contrast, preventing stress granule formation using the small molecule inhibitor ISRIB increases hair-cell death. Furthermore, we provide the first evidence of stress granule formation in mammalian hair cells in-vivo triggered by aminoglycoside treatment. Our results demonstrate that pharmacological induction of stress granules enhances cell survival in native-tissue, in a clinically-relevant context. This establishes stress granules as a viable therapeutic target not only for hearing loss but also other neurodegenerative diseases.
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