Versatility of NaCl transport mechanisms in the cortical collecting duct
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Citation (published version)Aurelie Edwards, Gilles Crambert. 2017. "Versatility of NaCl transport mechanisms in the cortical collecting duct." AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-RENAL PHYSIOLOGY, Volume 313, Issue 6, pp. F1254 - F1263 (10). https://doi.org/10.1152/ajprenal.00369.2017
Versatility of NaCl transport mechanisms in the cortical collecting duct. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 313: F1254 –F1263, 2017. First published September 6, 2017; doi:10.1152/ajprenal.00369.2017.—The cortical collecting duct (CCD) forms part of the aldosterone-sensitive distal nephron and plays an essential role in maintaining the NaCl balance and acid-base status. The CCD epithelium comprises principal cells as well as different types of intercalated cells. Until recently, transcellular Na transport was thought to be restricted to principal cells, whereas (acid-secreting) type A and (bicarbonate-secreting) type B intercalated cells were associated with the regulation of acid-base homeostasis. This review describes how this traditional view has been upended by several discoveries in the past decade. A series of studies has shown that type B intercalated cells can mediate electroneutral NaCl reabsorption by a mechanism involving Na-dependent and Na-independent Cl/HCO3 exchange, and that is energetically driven by basolateral vacuolar H-ATPase pumps. Other research indicates that type A intercalated cells can mediate NaCl secretion, through a bumetanide-sensitive pathway that is energized by apical H,K-ATPase type 2 pumps operating as Na/K exchangers. We also review recent findings on the contribution of the paracellular route to NaCl transport in the CCD. Last, we describe cross-talk processes, by which one CCD cell type impacts Na/Cl transport in another cell type. The mechanisms that have been identified to date demonstrate clearly the interdependence of NaCl and acid-base transport systems in the CCD. They also highlight the remarkable versatility of this nephron segment.