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dc.contributor.authorHan, Xiaoen_US
dc.contributor.authorCao, Shinanen_US
dc.contributor.authorShen, Zhesien_US
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Boyuen_US
dc.contributor.authorWang, Wen-Xuen_US
dc.contributor.authorCressman, Rossen_US
dc.contributor.authorStanley, H. Eugeneen_US
dc.date.accessioned2020-02-27T20:45:41Z
dc.date.available2020-02-27T20:45:41Z
dc.date.issued2017-03-14
dc.identifierhttp://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000396094200043&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=6e74115fe3da270499c3d65c9b17d654
dc.identifier.citationXiao Han, Shinan Cao, Zhesi Shen, Boyu Zhang, Wen-Xu Wang, Ross Cressman, H Eugene Stanley. 2017. "Emergence of communities and diversity in social networks." Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences Of The United States Of America, Volume 114, Issue 11, pp. 2887 - 2891. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1608164114
dc.identifier.issn0027-8424
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2144/39579
dc.description.abstractCommunities are common in complex networks and play a significant role in the functioning of social, biological, economic, and technological systems. Despite widespread interest in detecting community structures in complex networks and exploring the effect of communities on collective dynamics, a deep understanding of the emergence and prevalence of communities in social networks is still lacking. Addressing this fundamental problem is of paramount importance in understanding, predicting, and controlling a variety of collective behaviors in society. An elusive question is how communities with common internal properties arise in social networks with great individual diversity. Here, we answer this question using the ultimatum game, which has been a paradigm for characterizing altruism and fairness. We experimentally show that stable local communities with different internal agreements emerge spontaneously and induce social diversity into networks, which is in sharp contrast to populations with random interactions. Diverse communities and social norms come from the interaction between responders with inherent heterogeneous demands and rational proposers via local connections, where the former eventually become the community leaders. This result indicates that networks are significant in the emergence and stabilization of communities and social diversity. Our experimental results also provide valuable information about strategies for developing network models and theories of evolutionary games and social dynamics.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China under Grants 61573064, 71631002, 71401037, and 11301032; the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities and Beijing Nova Programme; and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (Individual Discovery Grant). The Boston University work was supported by NSF Grants PHY-1505000, CMMI-1125290, and CHE- 1213217, and by Defense Threat Reduction Agency Grant HDTRA1-14-1-0017, and Department of Energy Contract DE-AC07-05Id14517. (61573064 - National Nature Science Foundation of China; 71631002 - National Nature Science Foundation of China; 71401037 - National Nature Science Foundation of China; 11301032 - National Nature Science Foundation of China; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities and Beijing Nova Programme; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (Individual Discovery Grant); PHY-1505000 - NSF; CMMI-1125290 - NSF; CHE-1213217 - NSF; HDTRA1-14-1-0017 - Defense Threat Reduction Agency; DE-AC07-05Id14517 - Department of Energy)en_US
dc.format.extentp. 2887 - 2891.en_US
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherNATL ACAD SCIENCESen_US
dc.relation.ispartofProceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences Of The United States Of America
dc.rightsFreely available online through the PNAS open access option.en_US
dc.subjectScience & technologyen_US
dc.subjectMultidisciplinary sciencesen_US
dc.subjectCommunitiesen_US
dc.subjectFairnessen_US
dc.subjectSocial diversityen_US
dc.subjectNetworksen_US
dc.subjectUltimatum gameen_US
dc.subjectAltruismen_US
dc.subjectGame theoryen_US
dc.subjectHumansen_US
dc.subjectInterpersonal relationsen_US
dc.subjectSocial behavioren_US
dc.subjectSocial networkingen_US
dc.titleEmergence of communities and diversity in social networksen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1073/pnas.1608164114
pubs.elements-sourceweb-of-scienceen_US
pubs.notesEmbargo: Not knownen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston Universityen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston University, College of Arts & Sciencesen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston University, College of Arts & Sciences, Department of Physicsen_US
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden_US
dc.identifier.mycv174698


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