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dc.contributor.authorPetersen, Alexander M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTenenbaum, Joelen_US
dc.contributor.authorHavlin, Shlomoen_US
dc.contributor.authorStanley, H. Eugeneen_US
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-03T15:46:31Z
dc.date.available2020-04-03T15:46:31Z
dc.date.issued2012-03-15
dc.identifierhttp://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000301774200002&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=6e74115fe3da270499c3d65c9b17d654
dc.identifier.citationAlexander M. Petersen, Joel Tenenbaum, Shlomo Havlin, H. Eugene Stanley. 2012. "Statistical Laws Governing Fluctuations in Word Use from Word Birth to Word Death." SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Volume 2. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep00313
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2144/39967
dc.description.abstractWe analyze the dynamic properties of 107 words recorded in English, Spanish and Hebrew over the period 1800–2008 in order to gain insight into the coevolution of language and culture. We report language independent patterns useful as benchmarks for theoretical models of language evolution. A significantly decreasing (increasing) trend in the birth (death) rate of words indicates a recent shift in the selection laws governing word use. For new words, we observe a peak in the growth-rate fluctuations around 40 years after introduction, consistent with the typical entry time into standard dictionaries and the human generational timescale. Pronounced changes in the dynamics of language during periods of war shows that word correlations, occurring across time and between words, are largely influenced by coevolutionary social, technological and political factors. We quantify cultural memory by analyzing the long-term correlations in the use of individual words using detrended fluctuation analysis.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipWe thank Will Brockman, Fabio Pammolli, Massimo Riccaboni, and Paolo Sgrignoli for critical comments and insightful discussions. We gratefully acknowledge financial support from the U.S. DTRA and the IMT Foundation and SH thanks the LINC and the Epiwork EU projects, the DFG, and the Israel Science Foundation for support. (U.S. DTRA; IMT Foundation; LINC; Epiwork EU; DFG; Israel Science Foundation)en_US
dc.format.extent9 pages.en_US
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupen_US
dc.relation.ispartofScientific Reports
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported License.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
dc.subjectScience & technologyen_US
dc.subjectMultidisciplinary sciencesen_US
dc.subjectScaling behavioren_US
dc.subjectGrowth dynamicsen_US
dc.subjectBusiness firmsen_US
dc.subjectHuman languageen_US
dc.subjectRatesen_US
dc.subjectOrganizationen_US
dc.subjectVolatilityen_US
dc.subjectFrequencyen_US
dc.subjectBurstsen_US
dc.subjectSystemen_US
dc.subjectQuantitative linguisticsen_US
dc.subjectCompetitionen_US
dc.subjectBirth rateen_US
dc.subjectDeath rateen_US
dc.subjectCulturomicsen_US
dc.subjectBiochemistry and cell biologyen_US
dc.subjectPhysical sciencesen_US
dc.titleStatistical laws governing fluctuations in word use from word birth to word deathen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/srep00313
pubs.elements-sourceweb-of-scienceen_US
pubs.notesEmbargo: Not knownen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston Universityen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston University, College of Arts & Sciencesen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston University, College of Arts & Sciences, Department of Physicsen_US
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden_US
dc.identifier.mycv30478


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported License.
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