How does racial context matter?: Family preparation-for-bias messages and Black youths’ racial coping reported by Black youth
Scott, Judith C.
PInderhughes, Ellen E.
Johnson, Sara K.
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Citation (published version)J.C. Scott, E.E. PInderhughes, S.K. Johnson. 2019. "How does racial context matter?: Family preparation-for-bias messages and Black youths’ racial coping reported by Black youth." Child Development, 20 pp. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13332
Black families and youth likely consider specific racial discriminatory situations in preparation‐for‐bias messages and racial coping responses. Our study investigated coping responses embedded in youth‐reported Black families’ preparation‐for‐bias messages and youths’ proactive coping responses to specific racially discriminatory situations—teachers’ negative expectations, store employees’ hyper‐monitoring and police harassment. Gender and racial discrimination experience differences were considered along with relations between messages and coping. Our investigation was guided by the integrated‐developmental, transactional/ecological, intersectionality, and Phenomenological Variant of Ecological Systems Theory theoretical frameworks. We conducted cluster analyses using data from 117 Black youth aged 13–14 to identify situation‐specific family messages and youth coping responses. Families’ messages and youths’ responses varied in content and frequency based on the specific discriminatory situation, which suggests consideration of context.