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dc.contributor.authorSt John, Ashley M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorFinch, Kaylaen_US
dc.contributor.authorTarullo, Amanda R.en_US
dc.coverage.spatialNetherlandsen_US
dc.date2019-06-19
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-15T13:00:34Z
dc.date.available2020-04-15T13:00:34Z
dc.date.issued2019-08
dc.identifierhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31255904
dc.identifier.citationAshley M St John, Kayla Finch, Amanda R Tarullo. 2019. "Socioeconomic status and neural processing of a go/no-go task in preschoolers: An assessment of the P3b.." Dev Cogn Neurosci, Volume 38, pp. 100677. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcn.2019.100677
dc.identifier.issn1878-9307
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2144/40166
dc.description.abstractWhile it is well established that lower socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with poorer executive functioning (EF), how SES relates to the neural processing of EF in childhood remains largely unexplored. We examined how household income and parent education related to amplitudes of the P3b, an event-related potential component, during one EF task. We assessed the P3b, indexing inhibition and attention allocation processes, given the importance of these skills for academic success. Children aged 4.5-5.5 years completed a go/no-task, which assesses inhibitory control and attention, while recording EEG. The P3b was assessed for both go trials (indexing sustained attention) and no-go trials (indexing inhibition processes). Higher household income was related to larger P3b amplitudes on both go and no-go trials. This was a highly educated sample, thus results indicate that P3b amplitudes are sensitive to household income even within the context of high parental education. Findings build on the behavioral literature and demonstrate that SES also has implications for the neural mechanisms underlying inhibition and attention processing in early childhood.en_US
dc.format.extentp. 100677en_US
dc.languageeng
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.relation.ispartofDev Cogn Neurosci
dc.rightsThis is an open access article published under the CC BY-NC-ND licenseen_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY-NC-ND/4.0/
dc.subjectERPen_US
dc.subjectExecutive functionen_US
dc.subjectIncomeen_US
dc.subjectP3ben_US
dc.subjectPreschoolen_US
dc.subjectSocioeconomic statusen_US
dc.subjectAdulten_US
dc.subjectAttentionen_US
dc.subjectChild, preschoolen_US
dc.subjectElectroencephalographyen_US
dc.subjectEvent-related potentials, P300en_US
dc.subjectExecutive functionen_US
dc.subjectFemaleen_US
dc.subjectHumansen_US
dc.subjectInhibition, psychologicalen_US
dc.subjectMaleen_US
dc.subjectMiddle ageden_US
dc.subjectPhotic stimulationen_US
dc.subjectPsychomotor performanceen_US
dc.subjectSocial classen_US
dc.subjectYoung adulten_US
dc.titleSocioeconomic status and neural processing of a go/no-go task in preschoolers: an assessment of the P3ben_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.dcn.2019.100677
pubs.elements-sourcepubmeden_US
pubs.notesEmbargo: No embargoen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston Universityen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston University, College of Arts & Sciencesen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston University, College of Arts & Sciences, Department of Psychological & Brain Sciencesen_US
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden_US
dc.identifier.mycv477945


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