Race, place, and crime: how violent crime events affect employment discrimination
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Citation (published version)Sanaz Mobasseri. 2019. "Race, Place, and Crime: How Violent Crime Events Affect Employment Discrimination." American Journal of Sociology, Volume 125, Issue 1, pp. 63 - 104. https://doi.org/10.1086/703883
This article examines how exposure to violent crime events affects employers’ decisions to hire black job applicants with and without a criminal record. Results of a quasi-experimental research design drawing on a correspondence study of 368 job applications submitted to 184 hiring establishments in Oakland, California, and archival data of 5,226 crime events indicate that callback rates were 11 percentage points lower for black job applicants than for white or Hispanic applicants and 12 percentage points lower for those with a criminal record than those without one. Recent exposure to nearby violent crimes reduced employers’ likelihood of calling back black job applicants by 10 percentage points, whether or not they had a criminal record, but did not have the same effect on callback rates for white or Hispanic applicants.
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