Vanishing spin stiffness in the spin-1/2 Heisenberg chain for any nonzero temperature
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Citation (published version)J.M.P. Carmelo, T. Prosen, D.K. Campbell. 2015. "Vanishing spin stiffness in the spin-1/2 Heisenberg chain for any nonzero temperature." PHYSICAL REVIEW B, Volume 92, Issue 16. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.92.165133
Whether at the zero spin density m = 0 and finite temperatures T > 0 the spin stiffness of the spin- 1 / 2 X X X chain is finite or vanishes remains an unsolved and controversial issue, as different approaches yield contradictory results. Here we explicitly compute the stiffness at m = 0 and find strong evidence that it vanishes. In particular, we derive an upper bound on the stiffness within a canonical ensemble at any fixed value of spin density m that is proportional to m 2 L in the thermodynamic limit of chain length L → ∞, for any finite, nonzero temperature, which implies the absence of ballistic transport for T > 0 for m = 0. Although our method relies in part on the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz (TBA), it does not evaluate the stiffness through the second derivative of the TBA energy eigenvalues relative to a uniform vector potential. Moreover, we provide strong evidence that in the thermodynamic limit the upper bounds on the spin current and stiffness used in our derivation remain valid under string deviations. Our results also provide strong evidence that in the thermodynamic limit the TBA method used by X. Zotos [Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1764 (1999)] leads to the exact stiffness values at finite temperature T > 0 for models whose stiffness is finite at T = 0, similar to the spin stiffness of the spin- 1 / 2 Heisenberg chain but unlike the charge stiffness of the half-filled 1D Hubbard model.
Rights©2015 American Physical Society. The final published version of this article appears in OpenBU by permission of the publisher.
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