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dc.contributor.authorRhyne, Andrewen_US
dc.contributor.authorRotjan, Randien_US
dc.contributor.authorBruckner, Andrewen_US
dc.contributor.authorTlusty, Michaelen_US
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-04T16:14:18Z
dc.date.available2020-05-04T16:14:18Z
dc.date.issued2009-12-22
dc.identifierhttp://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000272998000017&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=6e74115fe3da270499c3d65c9b17d654
dc.identifier.citationAndrew Rhyne, Randi Rotjan, Andrew Bruckner, Michael Tlusty. 2009. "Crawling to Collapse: Ecologically Unsound Ornamental Invertebrate Fisheries." PLOS ONE, Volume 4, Issue 12. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0008413
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2144/40539
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Fishery management has historically been an inexact and reactionary discipline, often taking action only after a critical stock suffers overfishing or collapse. The invertebrate ornamental fishery in the State of Florida, with increasing catches over a more diverse array of species, is poised for collapse. Current management is static and the lack of an adaptive strategy will not allow for adequate responses associated with managing this multi-species fishery. The last decade has seen aquarium hobbyists shift their display preference from fish-only tanks to miniature reef ecosystems that include many invertebrate species, creating increased demand without proper oversight. The once small ornamental fishery has become an invertebrate-dominated major industry supplying five continents. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here, we analyzed the Florida Marine Life Fishery (FLML) landing data from 1994 to 2007 for all invertebrate species. The data were organized to reflect both ecosystem purpose (in the wild) and ecosystem services (commodities) for each reported species to address the following question: Are ornamental invertebrates being exploited for their fundamental ecosystem services and economic value at the expense of reef resilience? We found that 9 million individuals were collected in 2007, 6 million of which were grazers. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The number of grazers now exceeds, by two-fold, the number of specimens collected for curio and ornamental purposes altogether, representing a major categorical shift. In general, landings have increased 10-fold since 1994, though the number of licenses has been dramatically reduced. Thus, despite current management strategies, the FLML Fishery appears to be crawling to collapseen_US
dc.format.extent8 pagesen_US
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceen_US
dc.relation.ispartofPublic Library of Science One
dc.rightsCopyright: © 2009 Rhyne et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectScience & technologyen_US
dc.subjectMultidisciplinary sciencesen_US
dc.subjectFish tradeen_US
dc.subjectServicesen_US
dc.subjectEcosystemsen_US
dc.subjectEcologyen_US
dc.subjectGoodsen_US
dc.subjectAnimalsen_US
dc.subjectEcosystemen_US
dc.subjectFisheriesen_US
dc.subjectFloridaen_US
dc.subjectInvertebratesen_US
dc.subjectTime factorsen_US
dc.subjectSpecies specificityen_US
dc.subjectGeneral science & technologyen_US
dc.titleCrawling to collapse: ecologically unsound ornamental invertebrate fisheriesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0008413
pubs.elements-sourceweb-of-scienceen_US
pubs.notesEmbargo: Not knownen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston Universityen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston University, College of Arts & Sciencesen_US
pubs.organisational-groupBoston University, College of Arts & Sciences, Department of Biologyen_US
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden_US
dc.identifier.orcid0000-0002-3401-9784 (Rotjan, Randi)
dc.identifier.mycv118746


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Copyright: © 2009 Rhyne et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright: © 2009 Rhyne et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.