Vegetation hot spot signatures from synergy of DSCOVR EPIC, Terra MISR, MODIS and geostationary sensors
Myneni, Ranga B.
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Citation (published version)Xiaojun She, Juri Knjazihhin, Ranga B. Myneni. 2019. "Vegetation Hot Spot Signatures from Synergy of DSCOVR EPIC, Terra MISR, MODIS and Geostationary Sensors." Poster presented at the Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, CA on 12 December 2019.
It has been widely recognized that the hotspot region in Bidirectional Reflectance Factors (BRF) of vegetated surfaces represents the most information-rich directions in the directional distribution of canopy reflected radiation. The hotspot effect is strongly correlated with canopy architectural parameters such as foliage size and shape, crown geometry and within-crown foliage arrangement, leaf area index and its sunlit fraction. Here we present a new methodology that synergistically incorporate features of Terra Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), Aqua MODIS, Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera (EPIC) onboard the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR), Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) carried by the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) R series and Advanced Himawari Imager (AHI) observation geometries and results in a new type of hot spot signatures that maximally sensitive to vegetation changes. We discuss a physical basis for the synergy of multi-sensor data. Five areas that include Amazonian forests (evergreen broadleaf forest), Mississippi forest (deciduous forest), Heihe River Basin (crops), Genhe forest (coniferous forest) and Australia central grassland were selected to generate time series of hot spot signatures of different land cover types for the period of concurrent Terra/Aqua/DSCOVR and geostationary observations. We demonstrate value of the hot spot signatures for monitoring changes and biophysical processes in vegetated land through analyses of variations in magnitude and shape of angular distribution of canopy reflected radiation and the rigorous use of radiative transfer theory.