Coronal disturbances and their effects on the dynamics of the heliosphere
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Citation (published version)Elena Provornikova, Vyacheslav Merkin, Merav Opher, John Richardson, Vladislav Izmodenov, Pontus Brandt, Ralph McNutt. "Coronal disturbances and their effects on the dynamics of the heliosphere." EPSC-DPS Joint Meeting 2019, held 15-20 September 2019 in Geneva, Switzerland, id. EPSC-DPS2019-1229. Geneva, Switzerland,
The Sun blows out the solar wind which propagates into the interplanetary medium and forms the heliosphere about 100 AU across. The solar activity causes various types of time-dependent phenomena in the solar wind from long-lived corotating interaction regions to shorter on duration but more extreme events like coronal mass ejections. As these structures propagate outward from the Sun, they evolve and interact with each other and the ambient solar wind. Voyager 1 and 2 provided first unique in-situ measurements of these structures in the outer heliosphere. In particular, Voyager observations in the heliosheath, the outermost region of the heliosphere, showed highly variable plasma flows indicating effects of solar variations extending from the Sun to the heliosphere boundaries. Most surprisingly, Voyager 1 data shows shocks and pressure waves beyond the heliosphere in the interstellar medium. Important questions for the future Interstellar Probe mission are (1) how do the heliosphere boundaries respond to solar variations? (2) how do disturbances evolve in the heliosheath? and (3) how far does the Sun influence extend into the interstellar medium? This talk will review observations and recent modeling efforts demonstrating highly variable and dynamic nature of the global heliosphere in response to disturbances originated in the Sun's atmosphere.
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