The social psychology of values
Butler, Judson Rea
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Spranger's "Types of Men" divided into six general types on the basis of dominant values: the theoretical, the economic, the aesthetic, the social, the political (or Machtmensch), and the religious. In 1931 Allport and Vernon published a "study of Values", which is based on Spranger's work, and which is offered to the public as a test of individual interests, or values. This test tends to indicate that Spranger's types are well selected. Religious and aesthetic types were the most satisfactory, and social values the least satisfactory. Correlation with occupation and profession showed the test to have a fair reliability for those six types. In 1936 Freeman published "Social Psychology" which applied the concept of value as a dynamic factor in social cooperation and competition. This present paper is an extension of the work of these men. Specifically, it attempts an analysis of value in the light of recent experiments, and a consideration, on the basis of that analysis, of certain social problems.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Boston University, 1940
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